Postepy Dermatol Alergol. 2013 Aug;30(4):218-25.

An analysis of the impact of selected socio-demographic factors on quality of life of asthma patients

Ewa Szynkiewicz1,2, Małgorzata Filanowicz2, Małgorzata Graczyk1, Bernadeta Cegła2, Renata Jabłońska3, Zbigniew Bartuzi1

  1. Chair and Clinic of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Internal Diseases, University Hospital No.2, Bydgoszcz, Poland

2.   Department of Nursing in Internal Diseases, Collegium Medicum, Nicolaus Copernicus University, Bydgoszcz, Poland

3.   Department of Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing, Poland

 

Abstract

Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of selected socio-demographic factors on  quality of life (qol) of patients with different degrees of asthma severity.

Material and methods: The study was conducted in years 2009 – 2010 in the Clinic of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Internal Diseases in  Dr  J. Biziel University Hospital No. 2 in Bydgoszcz.  Patients were divided into a tested  group (126) and a control group (86). The criterion for the division was the degree of asthma control according to GINA guidelines 2006. The research was done by a diagnostic survey method with an interview technique. The following tools were used: the author’s questionnaire containing questions about socio-demographic and clinical data, and the WHOQOL – 100 in the Polish version. The collected material was analyzed statistically, verifying the hypotheses at the significance level p<0.05.

Results: In the tested group, a statistically significant correlation was observed between quality of life and age (p<0.002 for the entire population), education (p<0.05 in the group with controlled asthma, p=0.0005 for the entire population), professional activity (p<0.003 in the group with partially controlled asthma, p<0.05 with uncontrolled and p<0.0001 in the entire population), marital status (p=0.025 for the entire population) and  financial situation (p<0.0001; p<0.0002 ; p<0.009 in all groups; p<0.0001 in the entire population).
There was no significant difference between  quality of life and sex and  the place of residence of the respondents.

Conclusions: Chronic diseases lower well-being and cause negative emotions. Asthma is a condition that significantly affects quality of life, reducing in various ways activity levels in patients, physically, emotionally, and socially.

Quality of life in patients with asthma depends on many factors. In the conducted study, age, education, professional activity, marital status and financial condition can be includes the elements modifying QOL. There was no relationship between sex, place of residence and quality of life.

The degree of asthma control has important social and economic implications. Based on the conducted research, significant differences were notice in the quality of life in patients with bronchial asthma according to the degree of the disease control. Adherence to GINA guidelines will reduce the severity of symptoms or exacerbations and will help patients avoid unnecessary hospitalizations.

Keywords: socio-demographic factors, quality of life, asthma, degree of control.

 

Correspondence address:

Ewa Szynkiewicz

University Hospital No.2

75 Ujejskiego

85-168 Bydgoszcz, Poland

tel +48 52 3655551   Fax: +48 52 3484076

Clinic of Allergology, Clinical Immunology and Internal Diseases

E-mail:ewaszynkiewicz@wp.eu

Ewa Szynkiewicz-1

 

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