Arthritis 2013 July-6

 

Rapid-resolution liquid chromatography TOF-MS for urine metabolomic analysis of collagen-induced arthritis in rats and its applications

J Ethnopharmacol. 2013 Jan;145(2):465-475.

Rongcai Yue, Ling Zhao, Yaohua Hu, Peng Jiang, Shuping Wang, Li Xiang, Wencong Liu, Weidong Zhang, Runhui Liu

School of Pharmacy, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China

 

ABSTRACT

Aim of the study: Huang-Lian-Jie-Du-Tang (HLJDT) is a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) with anti-inflammatory activity. In the present study, a rapid-resolution liquid chromatography tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry (RRLC-TOF-MS) based metabolomic study was developed to obtain a systematic view of the progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and assess the efficacy of HLJDT and its components in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rats.

Materials and methods: Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, including model group, normal control group, dexamethasone group, HLJDT group and the mixture of 13 components of HLJDT group after immunized with bovine type II collagen. Urine samples for metabolomic study were collected on 8, 15, 22 day during the animal experiment.

Results: The pharmacological changes (swelling paws and arthritis scores) showed that prophylactic treatment with HLJDT and its components significantly suppressed the swelling of rats’ paws. By combining with partial least squares discriminant analysis, 24 potential biomarkers were identified and primarily involved in 12 metabolism pathways, such as tricarboxylic acids cycle metabolism, lipid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism and phenylalanine metabolism, which revealed a new insight into the RA network in vivo. These potential metabolites identified in CIA model need to be further investigated to prove their diagnostic and/or prognostic values for RA. Taking potential biomarkers found in the study as screening indexes, it revealed that HLJDT and its components could reverse the pathological process of RA through partly regulating the disturbed metabolic pathways.

Conclusions: This study indicated that the metabolomic strategy based on RRLC-TOF-MS is a useful tool to search potential biomarkers related to RA and to dissect the underlying mechanisms of TCM in treating RA.

 

Runhui Liu-1

Rapid-resolution liquid chromatography tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry based metabolomic study was developed to obtain a systematic view of the progression of rheumatoid arthritis and assess the efficacy of HLJDT and its components in collagen-induced arthritis rats.

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