Acta Paul Enferm. 2012; 25(2):211-7

Coping strategies and the relationship with sociodemographic conditions of women with breast cancer

Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite, Maria Helena Costa Amorim, Denise Silveira de Castro, Cândida Caniçali Primo.

Corresponding Author:

Franciéle Marabotti Costa Leite

Endereço: Rua Lumberto Maciel de Azevedo, 405, Apt. 702, Jardim Camburi, Vitória (ES), Brasil. Cep: 29090-700. Tel: (27) 3335-7280. Email: emaildafran@ig.com.br

 

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the relationship among the coping strategies adopted by women with breast cancer using tamoxifen and sociodemographic conditions. Methods: A cross-sectional study, with a quantitative approach. Data were obtained in an interview conducted with 270 women, with a diagnosis of breast cancer using tamoxifen, users of the outpatient Ylza Bianco center, belonging to the Hospital Santa Rita de Cássia, in Vitória / ES (Brazil). The analysis was performed using SPSS – Version 13.0 – 2004. Results: Illiterate women faced the problem by prioritizing the search for religious practices (p <0.05); and women with higher education, belonging to economic class B, with family income more than three times the minimum wage and who lived in urban areas employ more coping strategies that are focused on the problem (p<0.05). Conclusion: The coping strategy adopted is associated with sociodemographic characteristics. Keywords: Breast neoplasms; Tamoxifen/therapeutic use; Adaptation, psychological; Socioeconomic factors

 

SUPPLEMENTARY

The study by Leite et al. focused on the relationship among the coping strategies adopted by women with breast cancer using tamoxifen and sociodemographic conditions. To identify the coping strategy, the Problem Coping Mode Scale (EMEP) was applied, validated by Seidl, Tróccoli e Zannon (2001), in a factor analysis of a Brazilian population, comprising people from the general population and people with chronic conditions(1).

Leite et al. identified that independently of sociodemographic variables, in this process of coping with breast cancer and tamoxifen treatment, these women experience the four coping strategies: focus on the problem, religion, social support and emotion. Nevertheless, the religion and problem-focused strategies are used more. However, that social and economic aspects are associated with the problem coping mode, that is, illiterate women turn more to religious practices as a problem coping strategy, while secondary and higher education graduates in class B, with a family income of three or more minimum wages and living in urban areas, make greater use of the problem focus.

Full text – link: (http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-21002012000200009)

 

Reference:

1)       Seidl EM, Trócolli BT, Zannon CM. Factorial Analysis of a Coping Measure. Psicol Teor Pesqui [Internet]. 2001; 17(3). Available: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?pid=S0102-37722001000300004&script=sci_arttext

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