Ann Oncol. 2013 Feb;24(2):398-405. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mds277.

Zoledronic acid (zoledronate) for postmenopausal women with early breast cancer receiving adjuvant letrozole (ZO-FAST study): final 60-month results.

Coleman R1, de Boer R, Eidtmann H, Llombart A, Davidson N, Neven P, von Minckwitz G, Sleeboom HP, Forbes J, Barrios C, Frassoldati A, Campbell I, Paija O, Martin N, Modi A, Bundred N.

1Academic Unit of Clinical Oncology, CR-UK/YCR Sheffield Cancer Research Centre, Sheffield, UK.



BACKGROUND: Aromatase inhibitors are the preferred adjuvant endocrine therapy for the majority of postmenopausal women with hormone-responsive early breast cancer. Although generally more effective than tamoxifen, aromatase inhibitor therapy is associated with increased bone loss and fracture risk.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Postmenopausal women receiving adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/day for 5 years; N = 1065) were randomly assigned to immediate zoledronic acid (zoledronate) 4 mg every 6 months for 5 years, or delayed zoledronate (initiated for fracture or on-study bone mineral density [BMD] decrease). The primary end point was the change in lumbar spine BMD at 12 months. Lumbar spine and total hip BMD at subsequent follow-up, disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival were assessed as secondary end points.

RESULTS: At 60 months (final analysis), the mean change in lumbar spine BMD was +4.3% with immediate zoledronate and -5.4% with delayed intervention (P < 0.0001). Immediate zoledronate reduced the risk of DFS events by 34% (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.66; P = 0.0375) with fewer local (0.9% versus 2.3%) and distant (5.5% versus 7.7%) recurrences versus delayed zoledronate. In the delayed group, delayed initiation of zoledronate substantially improved DFS versus no zoledronate (HR = 0.46; P = 0.0334).

CONCLUSIONS: Immediate zoledronate in postmenopausal women receiving letrozole preserved BMD and is associated with improved DFS compared with letrozole alone. Clinical Trials Registration No NCT00171340.

PMID: 23047045

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