Oncol Lett. 2013 Feb;5(2):593-597.

Staging recurrent ovarian cancer with (18)FDG PET/CT.

Dragosavac S, Derchain S, Caserta NM, DE Souza G.

DIMEN Medicina Nuclear and PET/CT Campinas, State University of Campinas-Unicamp, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil ;

 

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of 2-deoxy-2-((18)F)-fluoro-D-glucose ((18)FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients with suspected ovarian cancer recurrence and describe the distribution of metastasis. A total of 45 female patients who underwent PET/CT scan due to raised CA-125 levels, clinical suspicion of ovarian cancer recurrence or alterations detected on ultrasound (US), CT or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were included in this retrospective study. PET/CT results were compared with histological findings (n=15) or clinical, laboratory and repeated imaging techniques during subsequent follow-up for at least six months (n=30). CA-125 was elevated in 34 patients, 14 patients had clinical symptoms of disease and 23 presented with alterations on US, CT and MRI. A total of 42 patients were confirmed to have ovarian cancer recurrence, all with abnormal findings on PET/CT. Three patients remained free of disease during clinical follow-up, all with normal PET/CT findings. There were 11 patients with raised CA-125 levels and normal conventional imaging, all with positive PET/CT. Among the 11 patients with normal CA-125 levels, eight presented with positive PET/CT scan. Lymph nodes were the most frequent site of relapse of disease, followed by peritoneal implants. Distant sites of metastasis included the liver, spleen, pleura, lung and bone. PET/CT detected unsuspected lesions in 20/45 patients (44.4%). (18)FDG PET/CT was a useful tool for evaluating the extent of ovarian cancer recurrence. In the current series, lymph nodes were the most frequent site of relapse of disease, with supradiaphragmatic lymph node metastasis in a large number of cases.

KEYWORDS: FDG, PET scan, ovarian neoplasms

PMID: 23420711

 

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