PLoS One. 2013 Jul 31;8(7):e70332.

Rebmab200, a humanized monoclonal antibody targeting the sodium phosphate transporter NaPi2b displays strong immune mediated cytotoxicity against cancer: a novel reagent for targeted antibody therapy of cancer.

Mariana Lopes dos Santos,1,2 Fernanda Perez Yeda,1,2 Lilian Rumi Tsuruta,1,2 Bruno Brasil Horta,1,2,¤a Alécio A. Pimenta, Jr,1,2,¤b Theri Leica Degaki,1,2,¤c Ibere C. Soares,2,3 Maria Carolina Tuma,2 Oswaldo Keith Okamoto,2,4 Venancio A. F. Alves,2,3 Lloyd J. Old,5 Gerd Ritter,5 and  Ana Maria Moro1,*

1Lab. de Biofármacos em Células Animais, Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil
2Recepta Biopharma, São Paulo, Brazil
3LIM14-Depto. de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
4Depto. de Genética e Biologia Evolutiva, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
5Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, New York Branch at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, United States of America Center for Genomic Regulation, Spain



NaPi2b, a sodium-dependent phosphate transporter, is highly expressed in ovarian carcinomas and is recognized by the murine monoclonal antibody MX35. The antibody had shown excellent targeting to ovarian cancer in several early phase clinical trials but being murine the antibody’s full therapeutic potential could not be explored. To overcome this impediment we developed a humanized antibody version named Rebmab200, expressed in human PER.C6® cells and cloned by limiting dilution. In order to select a clone with high therapeutic potential clones were characterized using a series of physicochemical assays, flow cytometry, real-time surface plasmon resonance, glycosylation analyses, immunohistochemistry, antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity, complement-dependent-cytotoxicity assays and quantitative PCR. Comparative analyses of Rebmab200 and MX35 monoclonal antibodies demonstrated that the two antibodies had similar specificity for NaPi2b by flow cytometry with a panel of 30 cell lines and maintained similar kinetic parameters. Robust and high producer cell clones potentially suitable for use in manufacturing were obtained. Rebmab200 antibodies were assessed by immunohistochemistry using a large panel of tissues including human carcinomas of ovarian, lung, kidney and breast origin. An assessment of its binding towards 33 normal human organs was performed as well. Rebmab200 showed selected strong reactivity with the tested tumor types but little or no reactivity with the normal tissues tested confirming its potential for targeted therapeutics strategies. The remarkable cytotoxicity shown by Rebmab200 in OVCAR-3 cells is a significant addition to the traits of stability and productivity displayed by the top clones of Rebmab200. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated toxicity functionality was confirmed in repeated assays using cancer cell lines derived from ovary, kidney and lung as targets. To explore use of this antibody in clinical trials, GMP production of Rebmab200 has been initiated. As the next step of development, Phase I clinical trials are now planned for translation of Rebmab200 into the clinic.

PMID: 23936189


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