Bone Marrow Transplant. 2015 Aug;50(8):1089-91.

Efficacy of plerixafor in children with malignant tumors failing to mobilize a sufficient number of hematopoietic progenitors with G-CSF.


Maschan AA1, Balashov DN1, Kurnikova EE1, Trakhtman PE1, Boyakova EV1, Skorobogatova EV2, Novichkova GA1, Maschan MA1.
  • 1Dmitrii Rogachev Federal Research Center for Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russia.
  • 2BMT Department, Russian Children‘s Hospital, Moscow, Russia.



Mobilization of suitable amounts of PBSCs with granulocyte-CSF (G-CSF) can be difficult in children. We report the results of using plerixafor in pediatric patients who failed to mobilize progenitors with G-CSF-based regimens. Thirty-three patients, median age 9 years (range 1-18 years) and median weight 29 kg (range 10-85 kg) were enrolled into the study. After 4 days of G-CSF stimulation, the median CD34+ cell count in peripheral blood was 10.4 per μL (range 0.27-23.0 per μL). Plerixafor was administered subcutaneously (0.24 μg/kg in 30 patients and 0.3 μg/kg in 3 patients) 11-12 h before apheresis. At the time of apheresis, CD34+ cell counts increased to a median of 44.1 per μL (range 8.4-357.0 per μL), a median 4.4-fold increase. Two patients (6%) failed to mobilize. Thirty-one patients underwent apheresis and in 27 >2 × 10(6) CD34+ cells per kg of body weight were collected after one procedure. In total, 31 of 33 patients mobilized successfully and the median number of cryopreserved CD34+ cells was 5.6 × 10(6) /kg body weight (2.7 × 10(6)-27.4 × 10(6)). Twenty-four patients underwent transplantation. Engraftment was achieved in all but one patient, who died on day +9 after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The median time of neutrophil and platelet recovery was day +12 and +16, respectively. Our study confirms that plerixafor has impressive efficacy and very modest toxicity in children.

PMID: 25915808






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