Am J Ther. 2013 Jul-Aug;20(4):399-413.
Obesity genetics: a monopoly game of genes.
Rojas J, Aguirre M, Velasco M, Bermúdez V.
Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Research Center, The University of Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela. firstname.lastname@example.org
Obesity is a complex disease that affects all ethnic populations worldwide. The etiology of this disease is based on the interaction of genetic factors, environment and lifestyles indicators. Genetic contribution to the epidemic has gained attention from 2 sources: monogenic syndromes that display severe obesity, and the polygenic model of common obesity. Single mutations can render a syndrome with severe obesity resulting from alteration in central o peripheral appetite control mechanisms. The interaction of several polymorphisms and epigenetic modifications constitute the basic plot for common obesity, molecular ingredients that should not confuse the investigator-they make this riddle even harder to decipher.