Role of platelet indices, glycemic control and hs-CRP in pathogenesis of vascular complications in type-2 Diabetic patients.

Pak J Med Sci.2013 Jan-Mar;29(1):152-156.

Farah Jabeen, Asher Fawwad, Husan Afroz Rizvi, Faraz Alvi



Objectives: Alteration in platelet morphology and functions are associated with pathological processes and increased risk of vascular complications in patients with diabetes. The purpose of the study was to find the correlation between platelet indices with fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and hs-CRP level in pathogenesis of vascular complications in type 2 diabetic patients.

Methodology: The study has been carried out on 51 Type 2 Diabetics and 55 age and sex matched healthy control subjects. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), high sensitivity C- reactive protein (hs-CRP) level and platelet indices including Platelet count (PLT), Plateletcrit (PCT), Mean platelet volume (MPV), Platelet distribution width (PDW) were estimated and compared with normal subjects. The results were evaluated statistically.

Results: The study demonstrated that FBG, HbA1c, MPV, PDW and hs-CRP were statistically higher in diabetics in comparison with control subjects (P is less than 0.05). Positive correlation of FBG with HbA1c (r is equal to 0.993, P is equal to 0.0001), PLT with PCT (r is equal to 0.922, P is equal to 0.0001) and MPV with PDW (r is equal to 0.332, P is equal to 0.024) was found in diabetics.

Conclusion: The poor glycemic control is positively correlated with high HbA1c level. The increased values of MPV, PDW and elevated hs-CRP level may also serve as confirmatory test in finding risk of developing complications.



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