Diabetes 2013 July-13

 

Molecular pathways for glucose homeostasis, insulin signaling and autophagy in hepatitis C virus induced insulin resistance in a cellular model.

Virology. 2012 Dec 5;434(1):5-17.

Das GC, Hollinger FB.

Department of Molecular Virology and Microbiology, Baylor College of Medicine, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, United States. gcdas@bcm.edu

Abstract

Chronic HCV infection induces insulin resistance (IR). We studied this in a persistently infected cell line with defects in glucose homeostasis resulting from the phosphorylation of glycogen synthase (GS Ser641) and GS kinase isoform 3β (GSK 3βSer9). Reversal of these effects in cells cured of HCV with interferon supports viral specificity. Insulin signaling was disrupted by IRS-1 Ser312 phosphorylation and dysregulation of the Akt pathway. In infected cells, active autophagy was revealed by the formation of LC3 puncta or by increased levels (50-200%) of the markers Beclin 1 and conjugated Atg5/Atg12. Inhibition of autophagy by 3-methyl-adenine (3-MA) reduced Beclin1 levels, inhibited IRS-1 Ser312 or GS Ser641 phosphorylation and decreased viral load. Furthermore, IRS-1 Ser312 and Beclin1 were co-immunoprecipitated suggesting that they interact. It thus appears that HCV infection disturbs glucose homeostasis or insulin signaling to induce IR and also elicits autophagy that may contribute to this process. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID: 22862962

 

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