Diabetes 2013 July-18

 

Urinary conjugated α-tocopheronolactone-a biomarker of oxidative stress in children with type 1 diabetes.

Free Radic Biol Med. 2013 Feb;55:54-62.

Sharma G, Muller DP, O’Riordan SM, Bryan S, Dattani MT, Hindmarsh PC, Mills K.

Biochemistry Research Group, Clinical & Molecular Genetics Unit, University College London Institute of Child Health, London WC1N 1EH, UK.

Abstract

Increased oxidative stress has been implicated in both the onset and the progression of diabetes mellitus and its complications. The development of easy to measure biomarkers of oxidative stress would, therefore, help in determining in a prospective manner the impact of glycemic control on oxidative stress and macrovascular disease in patients with diabetes. We report the development and validation of a novel method to directly measure the urinary concentrations of the conjugated metabolites of vitamin E (α-tocopherol) and investigate whether the oxidized metabolite α-tocopheronolactone (α-TL) could be used as a biomarker of oxidative stress in children with type 1 diabetes. A novel method using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed and used to measure directly and rapidly the urinary concentrations of the glucuronidated and sulfated metabolites of α-tocopherol in 32 young patients with type 1 diabetes and age-matched controls. The mean concentrations of the glucuronidated and sulfated conjugates of α-TL were all highly significantly increased in the children with type 1 diabetes (p<0.001). The results suggest that the measurement of the urinary concentrations of α-TL conjugates may provide a useful biomarker of oxidative stress in diabetes and possibly in other clinical conditions in which oxidative stress has been implicated. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID: 23108104

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