Obesity. 2014 Nov;22(11):2379-87. doi: 10.1002/oby.20861.

Decreased lipases and fatty acid and glycerol transporter could explain reduced fat in diabetic morbidly obese.

Ferrer R, Pardina E, Rossell J, Baena-Fustegueras JA, Lecube A, Balibrea JM, Caubet E, González O, Vilallonga R, Fort JM, Peinado-Onsurbe J.

Biochemistry Department, Hospital Universitari Vall D’Hebron, Universitat Autònoma De Barcelona, Spain.

 

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The possible differences were investigated in 32 morbidly obese patients depending on whether they were “healthy” or had dyslipidemia and/or type 2 diabetes.

METHODS: Lipid metabolism and insulin resistance were analyzed in subcutaneous (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) before and during 6 and 12 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.

RESULTS: Significant differences have been found in lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) activities in SAT from the different obese group versus normal weight (control) but not between them. The reduced lipase activities in VAT were 43 and 19% smaller (22 and 4% smaller, respectively, vs. control) than the “healthy” obese group for LPL and HSL, respectively, and were accompanied with a reduced expression of these lipases, as well as decreased expression of FAT/CD36, FABP4, and AQ7 in that tissue. In addition, the expression of the other genes measured showed a downregulation not only versus the “healthy” obese but also versus the normal weight group.

CONCLUSIONS: Being obese is not “healthy,” but it is even less so if morbidly obese patients with diabetes and dyslipidemia were considered. The reduced fat accumulation in these patients may be attributed to the decrease of the expression and activity of the lipases of their adipose tissue. © 2014 The Obesity Society.

PMID: 25132069

 

Supplements:

It is still unclear which parameters can best differentiate between healthy and unhealthy obese individuals, at least with regard to the morbidly obese; the difficulty lies in the definition of ‘healthy obese’. Despite the limited number of patients, we observed differences in both lipase activities and expression. From our perspective, being obese is not healthy, especially in the case of morbid obesity, but is even less so if we consider morbidly obese patients with diabetes and dyslipidemia. It is possible that a transition from being “healthy” to morbidly obese is inevitable if bariatric surgery is not performed.

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