Hypertens Res. 2013 Apr;36(4):334-41.

A cutoff point for arterial stiffness using the cardio-ankle vascular index based on carotid arteriosclerosis.

Hu H, Cui H, Han W, Ye L, Qiu W, Yang H, Zhang C, Guo X, Mao G.

Physical Examination Center, The 1st Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University, Hefei, China.

 

Abstract

The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) has been widely accepted as a good indicator of arteriosclerosis. However, the lack of a reliable diagnostic criterion for CAVI hampers the proper clinical screening for arteriosclerosis using CAVI and impedes the prompt treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is an urgent need to determine a criterion for CAVI in arteriosclerosis prevention. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine this criterion based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses in a Chinese population consisting of 328 participants. CAVI was measured in duplicate, and carotid ultrasound detection was performed in a quiet environment by well-trained physicians. After multivariate adjustment, CAVI was positively associated with the risk of carotid arteriosclerosis. Compared with participants in the lowest tertile of CAVI (5.15-7.40), those in the medium (7.41-8.65) and highest (8.66-13.60) tertiles had odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of 2.2 (1.0, 4.9) and 4.4 (1.5, 13.3), respectively, for developing carotid arteriosclerosis (P trend=0.007). The areas under the ROC curve (AUC) of the male, female and pooled populations were 0.789, 0.897 and 0.856, respectively. The cutoff point of CAVI≥8.0 resulted in the largest sensitivity and specificity. Furthermore, CAVI and age acted synergistically to increase the risk of carotid arteriosclerosis. CAVI≥8.0 may be an optimal cutoff point for carotid arteriosclerosis prediction. The older population with higher CAVI scores had a higher risk of carotid arteriosclerosis. Additional large prospective studies are needed to confirm our findings.

PMID: 23324866

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