Haptoglobin phenotypes and iron status in children living in a malaria endemic area of Kenyan coast.

Acta Trop. 2013 May;126(2):127-31.

Nyakeriga AM, Troye-Blomberg M.

Texas Tech University, Department of Biomedical Sciences, El Paso, TX, USA. alice.nyakeriga@ttuhsc.edu

Abstract

Malaria infection may be affected by host genetic factors as well as nutritional status. Iron status and the phenotype of haptoglobin, a heme-binding acute phase reactant may be determinants of malaria parasitemia. A combination of cross sectional studies and longitudinal follow-up were used to describe the association between iron status, C-reactive protein, malaria infections and host genetic factors including; haptoglobin (Hp) phenotypes, in children below 9 years in a malaria endemic area in Coastal Kenya. The prevalence of 0.45 and 0.41, respectively for Hp 1-1 and Hp 2-1 phenotypes was significantly higher than 0.14 for Hp 2-2 phenotype (n=162). Children with Hp 2-2 phenotype showed significantly higher iron storage compared to those with Hp 1-1 and Hp 2-1 phenotypes when children with malaria parasites and high C-reactive protein (>9mg/L) were excluded from the analysis. There were no significant differences in malaria parasite densities among Hp phenotypes but children with Hp 2-2 had lower number of clinical malaria episodes (P=0.045). Taken together, this study shows that the presence of malaria may complicate the interpretation of iron status in children based on their Hp-phenotypes. Further studies will be required to address possible interactions among the various genetic factors and iron status in a malaria endemic setting.

Published by Elsevier B.V.

PMID: 23416122

Multiselect Ultimate Query Plugin by InoPlugs Web Design Vienna | Webdesign Wien and Juwelier SchönmannMultiselect Ultimate Query Plugin by InoPlugs Web Design Vienna | Webdesign Wien and Juwelier Schönmann