Osteoporosis 2013 July-1

 

Effects of a single injection of teriparatide on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women.

Osteoporos Int. 2013 Jan;24(1):219-26.

Shiraki M, Sugimoto T, Nakamura T.

Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute and Practice for Involutional Diseases, 1610-1 Meisei, Misato, Azumino, Nagano, 399-8101, Japan. ripid@fc4.so-net.ne.jp

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of a single administration of teriparatide on bone turnover markers in postmenopausal women. Teriparatide caused a transient increase in bone resorption and inhibition of bone formation followed by a subsequent increase in bone formation and a decrease in resorption that lasted at least 1 week.

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to investigate the effects of a single subcutaneous administration of teriparatide on bone turnover markers to elucidate why once weekly intermittent administration of teriparatide is effective on osteoporosis.

METHODS: Pharmacokinetics and calcium metabolism and bone turnover parameters were measured in 30 postmenopausal women after two doses of teriparatide (28.2 or 56.5 μg injection) or placebo in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

RESULTS: Teriparatide plasma concentration increased in a dose-dependent manner, and the maximum concentration was achieved 1 h after injection. Serum levels of calcium and phosphorus were transiently increased and decreased after teriparatide injection, respectively. Calcium metabolism returned to baseline levels 24 h later. Two days after injection, the serum level of 1,25-dihydroxy vitamin D was increased by ~80 % from baseline for both doses of teriparatide. Serum levels of osteocalcin and procollagen type I N-terminal propeptide decreased during the first 24 h followed by a ~10 % increase for 14 days. The serum level of cross-linked N-telopeptide (NTX) of type I collagen increased during the first 24 h followed by a 10 to 12 % dose-dependent suppression from baseline for 14 days. Urinary cross-linked C-telopeptide of type I collagen changes occurred in the same direction as serum NTX, but not dose dependently.

CONCLUSION: A single administration of teriparatide caused an immediate, transient increase in bone resorption and inhibited bone formation followed by an increase in bone formation and decrease in resorption for ≥1 week. These findings may provide proof for the effect of a once-weekly regimen of teriparatide on bone turnover.

PMID: 23093347

 

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