Osteoporos Int. 2015 Mar;26(3):1017-28.
Associations between the levels of sclerostin, phosphate, and fibroblast growth factor-23 and treatment with vitamin D in hemodialysis patients with low intact PTH level.
Asamiya Y, Yajima A, Shimizu S, Otsubo S, Tsuchiya K, Nitta K.
Department of Medicine, Kidney Center, Tokyo Women’s Medical University, 8-1 Kawada-chou, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, 162-8666, Japan, email@example.com.
Serum sclerostin levels could be closely associated with serum phosphate and fibroblast growth factor-23 levels in hemodialysis patients with low intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. Further study is required to indicate whether these close associations are present in patients with spontaneously low PTH levels without any vitamin D treatment.
Intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) is involved in the interaction between sclerostin and phosphate/fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF23) in animal models. However, their relationship in patients on hemodialysis (HD) is unclear.
Data of 102 HD patients were collected regarding clinical and laboratory parameters and mineral bone disorder medications. The patients were divided into subgroups according to the iPTH level (A, <70 pg/mL; B, 70-150 pg/mL; C, 150-300 pg/mL; and D, ≥ 300 pg/mL).
The sclerostin level was significantly and positively correlated with phosphate and log of FGF23 levels in subgroups A, B, and combined A and B. Multiple linear regression analysis in the combined A and B subgroup revealed that male sex (t = 3.24, P = 0.01; 95% confidence interval [CI] 11.78 to 50.43) and phosphate level (t = 2.13, P = 0.04; 95% CI, 1.08 to 36.91) were independent factors for serum sclerostin level. The log of serum FGF23 level (t = 1.90, P = 0.06, 95% CI -1.85 to 63.50) appeared to be an important factor for serum sclerostin level. The frequency of patients using vitamin D treatment was not significantly different among subgroups A (93.1%), B (88.0%), C (85.2%), and D (90.5%).
Serum sclerostin levels were associated with serum phosphate and FGF23 levels in patients with low iPTH levels. Further study is required to indicate whether these close associations are present in patients with spontaneously low iPTH levels without vitamin D treatment.