Alzheimer 2013 Jun-8

 

Concentration of donepezil to the cognitive response in Alzheimer disease.

J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2013 Jun;33(3):351-5.

Yang YH, Chen CH, Chou MC, Li CH, Liu CK, Chen SH.

From the *Department of and Master’s Program in Neurology, Faculty of Medicine; †Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung Medical University; ‡Department of Neurology, Kaohsiung Municipal Ta-Tung Hospital; §Department of Neurology Kaohsiung Municipal Hsiaokang Hospital; ∥Graduate Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Donepezil has been approved, and higher dosages are recommended for the treatment of Alzheimer disease (AD). However, a few studies have reported different cognitive responses in patients with AD treated with donepezil without measuring the concentration.

METHODS: We evaluated the relationships between the therapeutic responses and plasma concentrations of donepezil in various cognitive domains using the Cognitive Ability Screening Instrument among 37 patients with newly diagnosed mild stage AD taking donepezil 5 mg/d.

RESULTS: Among the 9 cognitive domains in the Cognitive Ability Screening Instrument, the long-term memory domain had the highest improvement ratio (81.1%) compared with the other domains. An increased donepezil plasma concentration [mean (SD), 75.14 (32.16) ng/mL] was significantly associated with the improvement of long-term memory (P = 0.045; odds ratio, 0.959; 95% confidence interval, 0.920-0.999) after adjusting for age, sex, education, and apolipoprotein E genotype.

CONCLUSIONS: Although there are some limitations in our study, these findings indicate that a higher concentration of donepezil improves long-term memory in patients with mild stage AD and imply the possible benefits in the advanced stage of AD for relatively preserved long-term memory.

PMID: 23609381

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