Intra-articular injection of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) promote rat meniscal regeneration by being activated to express Indian hedgehog that enhances expression of type II collagen.

Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2012 Oct;20(10):1197-207.

Horie M, Choi H, Lee RH, Reger RL, Ylostalo J, Muneta T, Sekiya I, Prockop DJ.

Institute for Regenerative Medicine, Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine at Scott & White, Temple, TX 76502, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Meniscal regeneration was previously shown to be enhanced by injection of mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) but the mode of action of the MSCs was not established. The aim of this study was to define how injection of MSCs enhances meniscal regeneration.

DESIGN: A hemi-meniscectomy model in rats was used. Rat-MSCs (rMSCs) or human-MSCs (hMSCs) were injected into the right knee joint after the surgery, and PBS was injected into the left. The groups were compared macroscopically and histologically at 2, 4, and 8 weeks. The changes in transcription in both human and rat genes were assayed by species-specific microarrays and real-time RT-PCRs.

RESULTS: Although the number of hMSCs decreased with time, hMSCs enhanced meniscal regeneration in a manner similar to rMSCs. hMSCs injection increased expression of rat type II collagen (rat-Col II), and inhibited osteoarthritis progression. The small fraction of hMSCs was activated to express high levels of a series of genes including Indian hedgehog (Ihh), parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH), and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2). The presence of hMSCs triggered the subsequent expression of rat-Col II. An antagonist of hedgehog signaling inhibited the expression of rat-Col II and an agonist increased expression of rat-Col II in the absence of hMSCs.

CONCLUSIONS: Despite rapid reduction in cell numbers, intra-articular injected hMSCs were activated to express Ihh, PTHLH, and BMP2 and contributed to meniscal regeneration. The hedgehog signaling was essential in enhancing the expression of rat-Col II, but several other factors provided by the hMSCs probably contributed to the repair.

Copyright © 2012 Osteoarthritis Research Society International.

PMID: 22750747

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